The Bronze Age & The Iron Age
The Bronze Age:
As the Cypriots made their transition from the Chalcolithic period towards the Bronze Age, the use of copper became infrequent. Bronze objects were manufactured using imported tin. Art played an extremely vital role within Cyprus and its people, in the form of pottery, human figurines and writing poetry in honor of human race and natural life. There was no as such contact with the exterior world; hence most of the creativity came forth from imagination or inspiration taken from surroundings and the environment.
From 1950 BC to 1650 BC, the middle Bronze Age is marked, where the proof of first persistent copper mining comes from. Painted pottery was extremely widespread and many Cypriots took interest in this new form of art and expression. By that time, Cyprus was in contact with Asia and most parts of Egypt and had begun successful trading relationships with them.
Cyprus’s late Bronze Age (1650 BC to 1050 BC) is the most significant in its evolution, history and civilizing development. The Cypriots had spread their trading network across Egypt and extended hands towards islands in the Aegean Sea. Various towns were established, attracting attention of many invaders and settlers. Most importantly jewels were engraved and exported, along with ivory products and refined pottery. The Cypriots had learned to do calligraphy by then, in the most delicate form and sold their writing materials throughout Asia and Egypt. Also, by 1400 BC, visible quantities of Mycenaean ceramic objects were being imported from Greece.
Cyprus was a territory of harmony and tranquility and extended a helping hand in the form of trading and development towards many other surrounding islands and places. Goods were imported and exported and substantial amount of profit was made, providing the nation a good living and luxury. Around 1200 BC, the first Greek speaking immigrants made their way towards Cyprus causing commotion within the presiding communities, hence leading them towards a new phase of change and transformation, more commonly known as the Iron Age.
It is also important to know that it was during this very period of the Bronze Age that writing in the form of linear characters known as Cypro-Minoan, were modified from Crete.
The Iron Age:
The beginning of the Iron Age (1050 BC to 950 BC) brought a great deal of Greek influence and domination. The pottery that the Cypriots had taken up so wholeheartedly was arranged more in the Greek way as compared to their native style. New religious beliefs as well, as cultural values were introduced, along with construction of tombs, chambers and temples. The Greek then were considered to be highly fashionable and introduced many different styles of robes and clothing. The use of bronze was now seen in the creation of vessels and containers. The Greeks indicated the use of their language more, although the residents of Cyprus continued to converse in their own mother tongue, and the foreign language was not forced upon them.