Classical Cyprus & Roman Cyprus
Classical Cyprus coincides with the era of mainland Greece. Zenon of Kition, the founder of the philosophy movement was born during this time and Cyprus was under major Attic influence. Greek authority started to make its way into the island, even when the Cypriots tried to oppose it.
It was during this time period, when Alexander the great took control of Cyprus and brought about a new phase. Cypriots were not given the right to have their currency in the form of coins. The kingdoms residing within the island were given enough independence but the major administrative power remained with the Greeks. After Alexander’s death, the Egyptians took over Cyprus and suppressed its kingdoms into nothingness hence forcing their last king to commit suicide. Cyprus remained a Ptolemaic colony after that for over 250 years.
In around 58 BC, Cyprus was handed over to the Romans, where they enjoyed a phase of comparative peace and harmony. Churches were constructed, and other religious beliefs were introduced. Christianity made its appearance in the land of the Cypriots and flourished. Many people gave in to the new belief, convinced that this form of praising the lord and the highest power ruling the heavens and the Earth was much more improved than paganism. The Romans were more advanced as compared to the other foreign invaders and constructed many public buildings, most of which are still worth mentioning.
One of the renowned governor generals of ancient Rome is Cicero. The Cypriots and immigrants now settled into their new home enjoyed some good 600 years of relative prosperity under the Roman rule, before it divided in the year 395, surrendering to the Byzantine Empire, which was the eastern deviation of the Roman domain.
The cities of Cyprus were destroyed by two massive and concurrent earthquakes which marked the basis of the Byzantine Empire which was very much like the now modern life being led by the citizens of Cyprus.