History of Cyprus

Cyprus Map

Brief Overview:

Cyprus is one of the many places of the world, loaded in history, culture and civilization. The traditionally rich island has seen many immigrants and invaders such as the Greeks, Romans, Venetians, Assyrians, Phoenicians, Ottomans, British, Persians, Egyptians, Turks and many others to settle in, or take over the island. Positioned at the naval junction of the Eastern part of the Mediterranean sea, it is the third largest island with an exceptional account of the past. It’s the clear link between Turkey and Syria, bonding the two countries together.

Cyprus has gone through a long and agonizing history of alien command, hostility and civil dissension. Since the time when it was still a British colony, back in the 1950s, it has been the bone of contention between its two main ethnic groups – Turkish Cypriots and Greek Cypriots. The history of the many conflicts includes disagreement with British imperialism, limited freedom, and intrusion of both Greek and Turkish motherland. The power struggle between the two countries, led to the partition of the island, which today is Cyprus, and any negotiations or settlements have not reached any outcome or a truce. Conversely, it has led to further conflicts resulting in terrorism, intimidation and more aggression.

However, the people of Cyprus, or Cypriots, as they are more commonly known, have a sense of pride and nationalism on the subject of their island and hope and pray that sometime in near future, it would be untied as a single entity, alienated in 1974.

The Era of the Neolithic:

The proof of human population on this chronological land goes back to the Aceramic Neolithic period, around 10,000 BC, with the discovery of manmade artifacts on Cyprus’s southern coast.  Cattle, sheep, goats and other such domestic animals were seen in around 8000 BC, by agro pastoralists from the Levantine mainland. The foundation for the growth of distinctive Cypriot culture had been laid in the best form, by this group, which was further refined and represented in a better way by inhabitants of the village Choirokoitia. The residents of this small village were quite well cultured for their times and lived in a civil way. Choirokoitia was built on the southern side of the island in around 6th century BC. Citizens lived in modern houses made of bricks and were also well-equipped with utensils and containers.

Chalcolithic Period:

In the Chalcolithic period, which is around the 4th century BC, the same system applied as that of the Neolithic age and not many differences were outlined. The only expansion and improvement was in the form of copper and its usage.  People of the Chalcolithic age were quite imaginative and made human figurines with copper and stone. In 2500 BC, an enormous range of settlers made their way towards Cyprus, armed with new technology, more advanced with unique style, exploring their boundaries with exuberance, hence gradually, the island and its people switching to the Bronze Age.

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